Criteria for Non-National Referee Certification


Those who officiate women's collegiate volleyball can be certified as a PAVO official. Learning and applying the rules and techniques for this level of play can result in being selected to officiate one of the national championships that are held throughout the country.

To become a PAVO official:

  • Study the rules, learn the techniques of officiating, and take the practice examination in the PAVO Officials' Guidebook.
  • Consider attending the training camps and clinics administered by PAVO. Information on these events can be obtained at www.pavo.org or by calling (888) 791-2074.
  • Attend interpretation meetings and officiating training courses that are conducted in your local area.
  • Practice often and in a variety of environments.
  • Contact the chair of a nearby PAVO board to find out when they conduct practical and written examinations.
  • Complete the evaluation process as described below to obtain a PAVO rating, remembering that maintaining high standards for officials is a primary goal for PAVO.

Referees

PAVO has established six progressive rating levels for referees:

  • Intramural - qualified to officiate matches at the school in which the official is enrolled or matches of comparable level.
  • Apprentice - qualified to officiate matches that may be adequately controlled by a competent, but inexperienced official.
  • Local - qualified to officiate interscholastic and intercollegiate matches requiring a competent and experienced official.
  • State - qualified to officiate any match within the state or region where the rating is awarded.
  • Retired National - allows an individual who is no longer actively officiating at the national level to remain active in the local board area for the purposes of training and rating.
  • National - qualified to officiate any match anywhere in the United States . This rating is for the most highly skilled officials. Click here for more information on obtaining a National rating.

Referee Rating Standards

Using the standards outlined below, PAVO boards have the authority to award and renew Intramural, Apprentice, Local, and State ratings.

Intramural Rating

INITIAL CERTIFICATION:   Minimum certification standards can be established by the PAVO board or these standards can be applied:

  • Pass a written examination (Form C) prior to each collegiate season with a minimum score established by the board, and corrected to 100%.
  • Pass a practical (on-court) examination with a minimum score established by the board.  The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • Rating expires yearly on June 1

RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS:

  • Pass a written examination (Form C) prior to each collegiate season with a minimum score established by the board, and corrected to 100%.
  • Pass a practical (on-court) examination within each two-year period with a minimum score established by the board. The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • This rating is not transferable to other boards.

Apprentice Rating

INITIAL CERTIFICATION:  Minimum certification standards can be established by the PAVO board or these standards can be applied:

  • Pass a written examination (Form C) prior to each collegiate season with a minimum score established by the board, and corrected to 100%.
  • Pass a practical examination with a minimum score of 75. There must be at least one rater with a Local rating or higher.
  • Rating expires yearly on June 1.

RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS:

  • Pass a written examination (Form C) prior to each collegiate season with a minimum score established by the board, and corrected to 100%.
  • Pass a practical examination within each two-year period with a minimum score of 75. There must be at least one rater with a Local rating or higher.
  • This rating is not transferable to other boards.

Local Rating

INITIAL CERTIFICATION:  Minimum certification standards are established by PAVO:

  • Pass a written examination (Form A or B) corrected to 100%. Local boards may establish a required minimum score that must be attained on the initial examination attempt.  For more information, see the PAVO Theoretical Exam Procedures in the annual board packet, which is available from any local board chair.
  • Pass a practical examination with a minimum score of 80. There must be at least two raters, and one rater must hold a Local rating or higher. The board may use an alternative rating method as described below and in the PAVO Board Handbook. The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • Rating expires yearly on June 1.

RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS:

  • Pass a written examination (Form A or B) prior to each collegiate season, corrected to 100%.  Local boards may establish a required minimum score that must be attained on the initial examination attempt. 
  • Pass a practical examination within each two-year period with a minimum score of 80. The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • This rating is transferable to other boards.

State Rating

INITIAL CERTIFICATION:  Minimum certification standards are established by PAVO:

  • Pass a written examination (Form A or B) corrected to 100%. See the PAVO Theoretical Exam Procedures in the annual board packet, which is available from any local board chair.
  • Pass a practical examination with a minimum score of 85. There must be at least three raters, and one rater must hold a State rating or higher. The board may use an alternative rating method as described below and in the PAVO Board Handbook. The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • Rating expires yearly on June 1.

RENEWAL REQUIREMENTS:

  • Pass a written examination (Form A or B) prior to each collegiate season corrected to 100%.
  • Pass a practical examination within each two-year period with a minimum score of 85. The board chair of the local PAVO chapter that you join has more information on practical examinations.
  • This rating is transferable to other boards.

Using Alternative Rating Sites

Sometimes it isn’t possible to set up an ideal rating site to award ratings from your board.  PAVO provides these alternatives:

  • Use an existing college tournament if it is agreeable to the tournament director. The match fee normally paid to the referees can be paid to the raters orto the board instead.
  • Use upper level USA Volleyball tournaments.
  • Set up an observer system during the college season.  A number of designated observers who hold at least a State rating can evaluate referees at a scheduled match.  The match fee normally paid to the referees can be paid to the raters or to the board instead.  If possible, an observation system should be concentrated in the early part of the season.
  • Reciprocate with USA Volleyball ratings as defined in the USAV/PAVO Reciprocal Agreement.

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